In this episode we dive into questions about the Law and Christianity. Is a Christian still bound to the Law of God? Partially or impartially? Should God’s Law be divided into categories where certain categories ended with Christ’s sacrifice? What about dietary laws or Sabbath Day? Why would we keep only nine of the ten commandments? If we are saved by grace through faith do we just not have to worry about it anymore? Can we just throw caution to the wind and live without any concern for law?
These are all questions that have existed in the minds of Christians for years. Many camps and divisions have sprung up as a result in the many interpretations and iterations of these ideas. Are you inherently either a Theonomist or an Antinominist? (More about what those things are to come).
Law and Christianity
First we look at the commonly accepted theological divisions of God’s law:
Ceremonial Law (Lev 1:1-13)
Civil Law (Deut 24:10-11)
Moral Law (Ex 20:1-17)
Or can it be divided and weighted by relationship to WHEN the law was given:
Decalogue (Ten Commandments)
Many debates have been forming around a couple of terms as of late in reference to law:
Theonomy – from theos (god) and nomos (law), is the idea, espoused by Christian Reconstructionists, that Mosaic law should be observed by modern societies. Theonomists reject the traditional Reformed belief that the civil laws of the Mosaic Law are no longer applicable.
Antinomianism – the belief that there are no moral laws God expects Christians to obey. Antinomianism takes a biblical teaching to an unbiblical conclusion.
So how do we reconcile commandments of the OT and NT with a law of the Spirit and grace? Let’s examine verses which appear to promote the keeping of laws, verses which seem to promote a release from said laws, and finally verses which talk about how these can work together by the fulfillment of law:
The Promotion of Law:
2 Timothy 3:16 – All scripture is good for governing.
Matthew 5:17-20 – Jesus saying the law was NOT going away.
John 14:15 – “Keep my commandments”
John 15:10 – Ditto
James 2:10 – Failing in one part is failing in all.
2 Corinthians 5:9-10 – Judged by works?
The Release from Law:
Romans 6:14 – not under law
Romans 7:6 – Delivered from law
Colossians 2:13-23 – Ordinances are fleshly; not spiritual
Ephesians 2:15-16 – Law of commands abolished in Christ’s flesh
Galatians 3:2-3, 10-13 – Spirit vs Flesh
Galatians 3:23-25 – The Schoolmaster
Galatians 5:1-4 – Fallen from grace
Galatians 5:18 – Not under the law
The Fulfilling of Law:
Romans 6:1-4 – Dead to sin
Romans 13:8-10 – Love Fulfills the law
Galatians 2:16-19 – Not given to flesh
Galatians 5:14 – Fulfilled
Galatians 6:2 – Fulfilled
Ephesians 2:10 – His workmanship
Matthew 22:35-40 – The Greatest Command